Archive for February, 2017

Jennie James Kerner

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Genes link Celts to Basques

Genes link Celts to Basques
Basque genetics graphics BBC
The Welsh and Irish Celts have been found to be the genetic blood-brothers of Basques, scientists have revealed.The gene patterns of the three races passed down through the male line are all “strikingly similar”, researchers concluded.

Link BBC

Ethnic links: Many races share common bonds

Basques can trace their roots back to the Stone Age and are one of Europe’s most distinct people, fiercely proud of their ancestry and traditions.The research adds to previous studies which have suggested a possible link between the Celts and Basques, dating back tens of thousands of years.

“The project started with our trying to assess whether the Vikings made an important genetic contribution to the population of Orkney,” Professor David Goldstein of University College London (UCL) told BBC News.

‘Statistically indistinguishable’

He and his colleagues looked at Y-chromosomes, passed from father to son, of Celtic and Norwegian populations. They found them to be quite different.

“But we also noticed that there’s something quite striking about the Celtic populations, and that is that there’s not a lot of genetic variation on the Y-chromosome,” he said.

To try to work out where the Celtic population originally came from, the team from UCL, the University of Oxford and the University of California at Davis also looked at Basques.

“On the Y-chromosome the Celtic populations turn out to be statistically indistinguishable from the Basques,” Professor Goldstein said.

Pre-farming Europe

The comparison was made because Basques are thought by most experts to be very similar to the people who lived in Europe before the advent of farming. 

Genetic tests BBC

Genetic tests have identified key gene groups

“We conclude that both of these populations are reflecting pre-farming Europe,” he said.Professor Goldstein’s team looked at the genetic profiles of 88 individuals from Anglesey, North Wales, 146 from Ireland with Irish Gaelic surnames, and 50 Basques. 

“We know of no other study that provides direct evidence of a close relationship in the paternal heritage of the Basque- and the Celtic-speaking populations of Britain,” the team write in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Viking TV

But it is still unclear whether the link is specific to the Celts and the Basques, or whether they are both simply the closest surviving relatives of the early population of Europe.

What is clear is that the Neolithic Celts took women from outside their community. When the scientists looked at female genetic patterns as well, they found evidence of genetic material from northern Europe.

This influence helped even out some of the genetic differences between the Celts and their Northern European neighbours.

The work was carried out in connection with a BBC television programme on the Vikings.


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Hugh “Balldearg” O’Donnell

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Mary Harrigan

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Kerner Genealogy

Here is the 1880 census of Peter Kerner, you will notice that
Mary, the daughter who was born in 1863/64 so they came after she was
born since she was born in Baden also.

Peter KERNER  Self  M  Male  W  45  BADEN  Retail Bakery  BADEN
Louisa KERNER  Wife  M  Female  W  38  BADEN  Keeps House
Philip KERNER  Son  S  Male  W  18  NY  Laborer  BADEN  BADEN

Jacob KERNER  Son  S  Male  W  6  NY  At School  BADEN  BADEN

Charles KERNER  Son  S  Male  W  4  NY      BADEN  BADEN
Mary KERNER  Dau  S  Female  W  16  BADEN  At Home  BADEN

So in 1880 at the time the census, Philip was still living at home.

Source Information:
Census Place New York, New York (Manhattan), New York City-Greater,
New York
Family History Library Film  1254872
NA Film Number  T9-0872
Page Number  511D

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Possible O’Donnell Relations

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Irish Free States (Republic of Ireland)

In 1922, following the Treaty with Great Britain,  Ireland, the island, was partioned.
The six north eastern counties, Antrim, Down, Tyrone, Fermanagh, Derry, and
Armagh, remained under British rule and the remaining 26 counties formed
what was then known as the Irish Free State (Eire ). In 1948, the then
Taoiseach (Prime Minister) John A Costello, declared a Republic, the Republic
of Ireland. Yes Donegal is in the Republic, formerly the Irish Free State.

  1. Fingal
  2. Dublin City
  3. Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown
  4. South Dublin
  5. Wicklow
  6. Wexford
  7. Carlow
  8. Kildare
  9. Meath
  10. Louth
  11. Monaghan
  12. Cavan
  13. Longford
  14. Westmeath
  15. Offaly
  16. Laois
  1. Kilkenny
  2. Waterford
  3. Cork City
  4. Cork
  5. Kerry
  6. Limerick
  7. Tipperary
  8. Clare
  9. Galway
  10. Galway City
  11. Mayo
  12. Roscommon
  13. Sligo
  14. Leitrim
  15. Donegal

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